Research Requiring Ethics Review
The Tri-Council Policy Statement 2 (TCPS2) defines "research" as any "systematic investigation to establish facts, principles or generalizable knowledge." In accordance with the TCPS, the following types of research require ethics review and approval from the University of Prince Edward Island's Research Ethics Board (REB) before the research is started:
1. All research that involves living human participants, except as stipulated below in items 7 through 10 requires Ethics Review. This includes:
2. Research involving human remains, cadavers, tissues, biological fluids, embryos, or fetuses should also be reviewed.
3. Research that involves interviewing a human participant to secure identifiable personal information, whether by face-to-face, telephone, videotaping or other electronic encounters, or individualized questionnaires.
4. Research involving third-party interviews if the third party is approached directly for interviews or for access to private papers.
5. Research involving naturalistic observation of humans, except as stipulated below in item 7.
6. Research that involves the secondary use of data that was originally collected from human participants for another purpose, except as stipulated below in.
The above-mentioned types of research requires ethics review regardless of whether the:
Research NOT Requiring Ethics Review
The following types of research DO NOT require ethics approval:
7. Research involving naturalistic observation of participants in, for example, political rallies, demonstrations, or public meetings, since it can be expected that the participants are seeking public visibility.
8. Research about a living individual involved in the public arena, or about an artist, based exclusively on publicly available information, documents, records, works, performances, or archival materials.
9. The secondary use of pooled data which cannot be traced to the original research participants
If you have any questions about whether these conditions apply to a particular project, contact Joy Knight.
Guidelines for Masters and Honours Students
Guidelines were drawn up so as to ensure consistency through Departments at UPEI. Students/Supervisors are required to follow these guidelines for the approval process. All Honours students who require ethical approval are required to complete a Departmental review prior to submitting the application to the REB. Masters students are required to have their full Thesis Review Committee sign the Confirmation of Supervisor’s Review form prior to submission. Masters Students will no longer be required to receive Departmental approval prior to submission. An exception to the rule exists for Honours Students where at least two members of the Departmental Level review are also on the University REB. In this case students need only submit to the Departmental level review. Currently only the Department of Psychology satisfies this condition.